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RUSD [REFLECTO USD] Token

About RUSD

Listings

Token 3 months
CoinGecko 9 days
[CoinGecko] alert: The smart-contract owner can mint new tokens, please proceed with caution.
white paper

RUSD is a decentralized stablecoin, the first stablecoin with auto-staking, which willreward its holders with multiple other tokens.
RUSD will establish a new standard in DeFi and in the way stablecoins work. The innovative approach to staking and the stability of the price (1 : 1 with USD) will make RUSD stand out from other types of stablecoins.

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Laser Scorebeta Last Audit: 24 June 2022

report
Token is either risky or in presale. For presale 30+ is a fine score.

ERC20Detailed.______gap (contracts/RUSD-additional/ERC20Detailed.sol#49) shadows:
- Initializable.______gap (contracts/RUSD-additional/Initializable.sol#57)
Ownable.______gap (contracts/RUSD-additional/Ownable.sol#78) shadows:
- Initializable.______gap (contracts/RUSD-additional/Initializable.sol#57)
Remove the state variable shadowing.

Additional information: link


Contract ownership is not renounced (belongs to a wallet)


Unable to verify that contract auditor is trusted: Certik, Quantstamp, Hacken, Solidity, Paladinsec, Openzeppelin, Verichains

Reentrancy in RUSDFraction._transfer(address,address,uint256,RUSDFraction.Fees) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#381-482):
External calls:
- rusdRewardContract._updateRewardsPerToken() (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#473)
- rusdRewardContract._updateUserRewards(sender) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#474)
- rusdRewardContract._updateUserRewards(recipient) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#475)
Event emitted after the call(s):
- Transfer(sender,recipient,fracTo.div(_fracsPerRUSD)) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#477)
- Transfer(sender,developer,fracDeveloper.div(_fracsPerRUSD)) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#478)
- Transfer(sender,liquidityPool,fracLiquidity.div(_fracsPerRUSD)) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#479)
- Transfer(sender,poolAddress,poolFee.div(_fracsPerRUSD)) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#480)
- Transfer(sender,reflectoAdd,contractFee.div(_fracsPerRUSD)) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#481)
Reentrancy in RUSDFraction.rebase(uint256,int256) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#245-278):
External calls:
- rusdRewardContract._updateRewardsPerToken() (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#275)
Event emitted after the call(s):
- LogRebase(epoch,_totalSupply) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#276)
Apply the check-effects-interactions pattern.

Additional information: link

Initializable.isConstructor() (contracts/RUSD-additional/Initializable.sol#33-54) uses assembly
- INLINE ASM (contracts/RUSD-additional/Initializable.sol#50-52)
RUSDFraction.getChainID() (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#335-341) uses assembly
- INLINE ASM (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#337-339)
RUSDFraction.DOMAIN_SEPARATOR() (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#348-363) uses assembly
- INLINE ASM (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#350-352)
Do not use evm assembly.

Additional information: link

RUSDFraction._transfer(address,address,uint256,RUSDFraction.Fees).fracTo (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#391) is a local variable never initialized
RUSDFraction._transfer(address,address,uint256,RUSDFraction.Fees).poolFee (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#392) is a local variable never initialized
RUSDFraction._transfer(address,address,uint256,RUSDFraction.Fees).fracDeveloper (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#389) is a local variable never initialized
RUSDFraction._transfer(address,address,uint256,RUSDFraction.Fees).contractFee (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#393) is a local variable never initialized
RUSDFraction._transfer(address,address,uint256,RUSDFraction.Fees).fracLiquidity (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#390) is a local variable never initialized
Initialize all the variables. If a variable is meant to be initialized to zero, explicitly set it to zero to improve code readability.

Additional information: link

RUSDFraction.convertTokenToBuyBack(address,address,address) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#715-731) ignores return value by IERC20(token).approve(routerAddress,amountIn) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#722)
Ensure that all the return values of the function calls are used.

Additional information: link

ERC20Detailed.initialize(string,string,uint8).name (contracts/RUSD-additional/ERC20Detailed.sol#19) shadows:
- ERC20Detailed.name() (contracts/RUSD-additional/ERC20Detailed.sol#31-33) (function)
ERC20Detailed.initialize(string,string,uint8).symbol (contracts/RUSD-additional/ERC20Detailed.sol#20) shadows:
- ERC20Detailed.symbol() (contracts/RUSD-additional/ERC20Detailed.sol#38-40) (function)
ERC20Detailed.initialize(string,string,uint8).decimals (contracts/RUSD-additional/ERC20Detailed.sol#21) shadows:
- ERC20Detailed.decimals() (contracts/RUSD-additional/ERC20Detailed.sol#45-47) (function)
RUSDFraction._transfer(address,address,uint256,RUSDFraction.Fees).usersFees (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#385) shadows:
- RUSDFraction.usersFees (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#76) (state variable)
Rename the local variables that shadow another component.

Additional information: link

RUSDFraction.setSellLimit(uint256) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#194-196) should emit an event for:
- sellLimit = sellLimit_ (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#195)
RUSDFraction.setBuySellFee(uint256,uint256,uint256,uint256) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#228-238) should emit an event for:
- buyBackPool = buyBackPool_ (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#234)
- buyBackContract = buyBackContract_ (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#235)
- sellBackPool = sellBackPool_ (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#236)
- sellBackContract = sellBackContract_ (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#237)
RUSDFraction.mint(address,uint256) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#365-369) should emit an event for:
- _totalSupply = _totalSupply.add(_value) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#368)
RUSDFraction.burn(address,uint256) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#371-379) should emit an event for:
- _totalSupply = _totalSupply.sub(_value) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#378)
Emit an event for critical parameter changes.

Additional information: link

Ownable.initialize(address).sender (contracts/RUSD-additional/Ownable.sol#23) lacks a zero-check on :
- _owner = sender (contracts/RUSD-additional/Ownable.sol#24)
RUSDFraction.setMonetaryPolicy(address).monetaryPolicy_ (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#145) lacks a zero-check on :
- monetaryPolicy = monetaryPolicy_ (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#146)
RUSDFraction.setDeveloperAddress(address).developer_ (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#155) lacks a zero-check on :
- developer = developer_ (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#156)
RUSDFraction.setLiquidityPool(address).liquidityPool_ (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#160) lacks a zero-check on :
- liquidityPool = liquidityPool_ (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#161)
RUSDFraction.setReflectoPoolAddress(address).poolAddress_ (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#190) lacks a zero-check on :
- poolAddress = poolAddress_ (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#191)
RUSDFraction.setReflectoContractAddress(address).reflectoAdd_ (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#198) lacks a zero-check on :
- reflectoAdd = reflectoAdd_ (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#202)
Check that the address is not zero.

Additional information: link

Reentrancy in RUSDFraction.transferFrom(address,address,uint256) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#571-601):
External calls:
- _transfer(from,to,value,usersFees[from]) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#580)
- rusdRewardContract._updateRewardsPerToken() (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#473)
- rusdRewardContract._updateUserRewards(sender) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#474)
- rusdRewardContract._updateUserRewards(recipient) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#475)
- _transfer(from,to,value,usersFees[to]) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#582)
- rusdRewardContract._updateRewardsPerToken() (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#473)
- rusdRewardContract._updateUserRewards(sender) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#474)
- rusdRewardContract._updateUserRewards(recipient) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#475)
- _transfer(from,to,value,uFees) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#594)
- rusdRewardContract._updateRewardsPerToken() (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#473)
- rusdRewardContract._updateUserRewards(sender) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#474)
- rusdRewardContract._updateUserRewards(recipient) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#475)
State variables written after the call(s):
- _allowedFractions[from][msg.sender] = _allowedFractions[from][msg.sender].sub(value) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#597-599)
Apply the check-effects-interactions pattern.

Additional information: link

RUSDFraction._transfer(address,address,uint256,RUSDFraction.Fees) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#381-482) uses timestamp for comparisons
Dangerous comparisons:
- block.timestamp > timeOfSell[sender] + 86400 (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#395)
RUSDFraction.permit(address,address,uint256,uint256,bool,uint8,bytes32,bytes32) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#672-713) uses timestamp for comparisons
Dangerous comparisons:
- require(bool,string)(expiry == 0 || block.timestamp <= expiry,Reflecto/permit-expired) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#704-707)
Avoid relying on block.timestamp.

Additional information: link

RUSDFraction.removeProvider(IProviderPair) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#533-548) compares to a boolean constant:
-flag == true (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#545)
Remove the equality to the boolean constant.

Additional information: link

RUSDFraction.removeProvider(IProviderPair) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#533-548) has costly operations inside a loop:
- providerPairs.pop() (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#538)
Use a local variable to hold the loop computation result.

Additional information: link

CastU256U128.u128(uint256) (contracts/RUSD-additional/CastU256U128.sol#5-8) is never used and should be removed
CastU256U32.u32(uint256) (contracts/RUSD-additional/CastU256U32.sol#5-8) is never used and should be removed
SafeMath.mod(uint256,uint256) (contracts/RUSD-additional/SafeMath.sol#61-64) is never used and should be removed
SafeMathInt.add(int256,int256) (contracts/RUSD-additional/SafeMathInt.sol#46-50) is never used and should be removed
SafeMathInt.div(int256,int256) (contracts/RUSD-additional/SafeMathInt.sol#26-32) is never used and should be removed
SafeMathInt.mul(int256,int256) (contracts/RUSD-additional/SafeMathInt.sol#14-21) is never used and should be removed
SafeMathInt.sub(int256,int256) (contracts/RUSD-additional/SafeMathInt.sol#37-41) is never used and should be removed
Remove unused functions.

Additional information: link

Variable ERC20Detailed.______gap (contracts/RUSD-additional/ERC20Detailed.sol#49) is not in mixedCase
Variable Initializable.______gap (contracts/RUSD-additional/Initializable.sol#57) is not in mixedCase
Variable Ownable.______gap (contracts/RUSD-additional/Ownable.sol#78) is not in mixedCase
Function IRUSDRewards._updateRewardsPerToken() (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#39) is not in mixedCase
Function IRUSDRewards._updateUserRewards(address) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#41) is not in mixedCase
Parameter RUSDFraction.setRewardContract(IRUSDRewards)._rusdRewardContract (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#165) is not in mixedCase
Parameter RUSDFraction.addProviderPair(IProviderPair)._providerPair (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#240) is not in mixedCase
Parameter RUSDFraction.initialize(address,IRUSDRewards)._rusdRewardContract (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#280) is not in mixedCase
Function RUSDFraction.DOMAIN_SEPARATOR() (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#348-363) is not in mixedCase
Parameter RUSDFraction.mint(address,uint256)._to (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#365) is not in mixedCase
Parameter RUSDFraction.mint(address,uint256)._value (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#365) is not in mixedCase
Parameter RUSDFraction.burn(address,uint256)._to (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#371) is not in mixedCase
Parameter RUSDFraction.burn(address,uint256)._value (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#371) is not in mixedCase
Parameter RUSDFraction.removeProvider(IProviderPair)._providerPair (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#533) is not in mixedCase
Follow the Solidity naming convention.

Additional information: link

Variable RUSDFraction.removeProvider(IProviderPair)._providerPair (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#533) is too similar to RUSDFraction.providerPairs (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#98)
Variable RUSDFraction.addProviderPair(IProviderPair)._providerPair (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#240) is too similar to RUSDFraction.providerPairs (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#98)
Prevent variables from having similar names.

Additional information: link

RUSDFraction.initialize(address,IRUSDRewards) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#280-303) uses literals with too many digits:
- sellLimit = 200000000000 (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#288)
Use: Ether suffix, Time suffix, or The scientific notation

Additional information: link

SafeMathInt.MAX_INT256 (contracts/RUSD-additional/SafeMathInt.sol#9) is never used in SafeMathInt (contracts/RUSD-additional/SafeMathInt.sol#7-60)
Ownable.______gap (contracts/RUSD-additional/Ownable.sol#78) is never used in RUSDFraction (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#44-732)
Remove unused state variables.

Additional information: link

symbol() should be declared external:
- ERC20Detailed.symbol() (contracts/RUSD-additional/ERC20Detailed.sol#38-40)
decimals() should be declared external:
- ERC20Detailed.decimals() (contracts/RUSD-additional/ERC20Detailed.sol#45-47)
owner() should be declared external:
- Ownable.owner() (contracts/RUSD-additional/Ownable.sol#30-32)
renounceOwnership() should be declared external:
- Ownable.renounceOwnership() (contracts/RUSD-additional/Ownable.sol#55-58)
transferOwnership(address) should be declared external:
- Ownable.transferOwnership(address) (contracts/RUSD-additional/Ownable.sol#64-66)
setRewardContract(IRUSDRewards) should be declared external:
- RUSDFraction.setRewardContract(IRUSDRewards) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#165-170)
initialize(address,IRUSDRewards) should be declared external:
- RUSDFraction.initialize(address,IRUSDRewards) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#280-303)
increaseAllowance(address,uint256) should be declared external:
- RUSDFraction.increaseAllowance(address,uint256) (contracts/RUSDFraction.sol#632-646)
Use the external attribute for functions never called from the contract.

Additional information: link

Holders:

Contract has 3% buy tax and 3% sell tax.
Taxes are low but contract ownership is not renounced. Token has a high risk of becoming a honeypot.


Average 30d PancakeSwap volume is low.


Number of Binance Smart Chain (BSC) token holders is low.


Average PancakeSwap trading volume, liqudity, number of swaps are low. Token seems to be inactive.


Token is deployed only at one blockchain


Unable to find Youtube account


BscScan page for the token does not contain additional info: website, socials, description, etc.

Additional information: link


Unable to find token on CoinMarketCap

Additional information: link


Unable to find KYC or doxxing proof


Unable to verify token contract address on the website


Unable to find audit link on the website


Unable to find whitepaper link on the website


Token is not listed at Mobula.Finance

Additional information: link


Unable to find token on CoinHunt

Additional information: link


Unable to find code repository for the project


Young tokens have high risks of price dump / death


Young tokens have high risks of scam / price dump / death


Token has no active CoinGecko listing / rank


Token has no active CoinMarketCap listing / rank


Young tokens have high risks of price dump / death


Young tokens have high risks of price dump / death

Price for RUSD

News for RUSD