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LIGHT [Lightning] Token

About LIGHT

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Token 23 months
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Lightning is a deflationary rebase protocol, which runs through a total of 156 cycles. In each cycle, a part of the Total Supply gets burned through burn fees.

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Laser Scorebeta Last Audit: 29 January 2022

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Token is either risky or in presale. For presale 30+ is a fine score.

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Unable to find manual contract audit (e.g. Certik, PeckShield, Solidity...)

LightningProtocol._setBurnFee(uint256) (#823-826) contains a tautology or contradiction:
- require(bool,string)(burnFee >= 0 && burnFee <= 1500,burnFee should be in 0 - 15) (#824)
LightningProtocol._setFeeStage(uint256) (#828-831) contains a tautology or contradiction:
- require(bool,string)(burnFee >= 0 && burnFee <= 1500,burnFee should be in 0 - 15) (#829)
Fix the incorrect comparison by changing the value type or the comparison.

Additional information: link

LightningProtocol._rTotal (#498) is set pre-construction with a non-constant function or state variable:
- (_MAX - (_MAX % _tTotal))
Remove any initialization of state variables via non-constant state variables or function calls. If variables must be set upon contract deployment, locate initialization in the constructor instead.

Additional information: link

LightningProtocol._setFeeStage(uint256) (#828-831) should emit an event for:
- _BURN_FEE = burnFee (#830)
Emit an event for critical parameter changes.

Additional information: link

Address.isContract(address) (#287-296) uses assembly
- INLINE ASM (#294)
Address._functionCallWithValue(address,bytes,uint256,string) (#380-401) uses assembly
- INLINE ASM (#393-396)
Do not use evm assembly.

Additional information: link

Address._functionCallWithValue(address,bytes,uint256,string) (#380-401) is never used and should be removed
Address.functionCall(address,bytes) (#340-342) is never used and should be removed
Address.functionCall(address,bytes,string) (#350-352) is never used and should be removed
Address.functionCallWithValue(address,bytes,uint256) (#365-367) is never used and should be removed
Address.functionCallWithValue(address,bytes,uint256,string) (#375-378) is never used and should be removed
Address.isContract(address) (#287-296) is never used and should be removed
Address.sendValue(address,uint256) (#314-320) is never used and should be removed
Context._msgData() (#30-33) is never used and should be removed
LightningProtocol._getMaxTxAmount() (#837-839) is never used and should be removed
SafeMath.mod(uint256,uint256) (#244-246) is never used and should be removed
SafeMath.mod(uint256,uint256,string) (#260-263) is never used and should be removed
Remove unused functions.

Additional information: link

Pragma version^0.6.0 (#22) allows old versions
Deploy with any of the following Solidity versions: 0.5.16 - 0.5.17, 0.6.11 - 0.6.12, 0.7.5 - 0.7.6 Use a simple pragma version that allows any of these versions. Consider using the latest version of Solidity for testing.

Additional information: link

Low level call in Address.sendValue(address,uint256) (#314-320):
- (success) = recipient.call{value: amount}() (#318)
Low level call in Address._functionCallWithValue(address,bytes,uint256,string) (#380-401):
- (success,returndata) = target.call{value: weiValue}(data) (#384)
Avoid low-level calls. Check the call success. If the call is meant for a contract, check for code existence

Additional information: link

Function LightningProtocol._setFeeStage(uint256) (#828-831) is not in mixedCase
Function LightningProtocol._getBurnFee() (#833-835) is not in mixedCase
Function LightningProtocol._getCycle() (#841-843) is not in mixedCase
Function LightningProtocol._getBurnCycle() (#845-847) is not in mixedCase
Function LightningProtocol._getTradedCycle() (#849-851) is not in mixedCase
Variable LightningProtocol._BURN_FEE (#509) is not in mixedCase
Variable LightningProtocol._TAX_FEE (#510) is not in mixedCase
Follow the Solidity naming convention.

Additional information: link

Redundant expression "this (#31)" inContext (#25-34)
Remove redundant statements if they congest code but offer no value.

Additional information: link

LightningProtocol._transfer(address,address,uint256) (#651-718) uses literals with too many digits:
- _tTradeCycle >= (1000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR) && _tTradeCycle <= (2000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR) (#672)
LightningProtocol._transfer(address,address,uint256) (#651-718) uses literals with too many digits:
- _tTradeCycle >= (2000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR) && _tTradeCycle <= (3000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR) (#674)
LightningProtocol._transfer(address,address,uint256) (#651-718) uses literals with too many digits:
- _tTradeCycle >= (3000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR) && _tTradeCycle <= (4000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR) (#676)
LightningProtocol._transfer(address,address,uint256) (#651-718) uses literals with too many digits:
- _tTradeCycle >= (4000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR) && _tTradeCycle <= (5000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR) (#678)
LightningProtocol._transfer(address,address,uint256) (#651-718) uses literals with too many digits:
- _tTradeCycle >= (5000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR) && _tTradeCycle <= (6000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR) (#680)
LightningProtocol._transfer(address,address,uint256) (#651-718) uses literals with too many digits:
- _tTradeCycle >= (6000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR) && _tTradeCycle <= (7000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR) (#682)
LightningProtocol._transfer(address,address,uint256) (#651-718) uses literals with too many digits:
- _tTradeCycle >= (7000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR) && _tTradeCycle <= (8000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR) (#684)
LightningProtocol._transfer(address,address,uint256) (#651-718) uses literals with too many digits:
- _tTradeCycle >= (8000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR) && _tTradeCycle <= (9000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR) (#686)
LightningProtocol._transfer(address,address,uint256) (#651-718) uses literals with too many digits:
- _tTradeCycle >= (9000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR) && _tTradeCycle <= (10000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR) (#688)
LightningProtocol._transfer(address,address,uint256) (#651-718) uses literals with too many digits:
- _tTradeCycle >= (10000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR) && _tTradeCycle <= (11000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR) (#690)
LightningProtocol._transfer(address,address,uint256) (#651-718) uses literals with too many digits:
- _tTradeCycle >= (11000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR) && _tTradeCycle <= (12000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR) (#692)
LightningProtocol._transfer(address,address,uint256) (#651-718) uses literals with too many digits:
- _tTradeCycle >= (12000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR) && _tTradeCycle <= (13000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR) (#694)
LightningProtocol._transfer(address,address,uint256) (#651-718) uses literals with too many digits:
- _tTradeCycle >= (13000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR) && _tTradeCycle <= (14000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR) (#696)
LightningProtocol._transfer(address,address,uint256) (#651-718) uses literals with too many digits:
- _tTradeCycle >= (14000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR) (#698)
LightningProtocol.slitherConstructorVariables() (#468-869) uses literals with too many digits:
- _tTotal = 100000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR (#497)
LightningProtocol.slitherConstructorConstantVariables() (#468-869) uses literals with too many digits:
- _MAX_TX_SIZE = 100000000 * _DECIMALFACTOR (#511)
Use: Ether suffix, Time suffix, or The scientific notation

Additional information: link

Variable LightningProtocol._getValues(uint256).rTransferAmount (#786) is too similar to LightningProtocol._transferStandard(address,address,uint256).tTransferAmount (#722)
Variable LightningProtocol.reflectionFromToken(uint256,bool).rTransferAmount (#609) is too similar to LightningProtocol._transferBothExcluded(address,address,uint256).tTransferAmount (#754)
Variable LightningProtocol.reflectionFromToken(uint256,bool).rTransferAmount (#609) is too similar to LightningProtocol._getValues(uint256).tTransferAmount (#784)
Variable LightningProtocol._getRValues(uint256,uint256,uint256,uint256).rTransferAmount (#801) is too similar to LightningProtocol._transferBothExcluded(address,address,uint256).tTransferAmount (#754)
Variable LightningProtocol._getValues(uint256).rTransferAmount (#786) is too similar to LightningProtocol._transferFromExcluded(address,address,uint256).tTransferAmount (#743)
Variable LightningProtocol._transferToExcluded(address,address,uint256).rTransferAmount (#732) is too similar to LightningProtocol._transferBothExcluded(address,address,uint256).tTransferAmount (#754)
Variable LightningProtocol._getRValues(uint256,uint256,uint256,uint256).rTransferAmount (#801) is too similar to LightningProtocol._getValues(uint256).tTransferAmount (#784)
Variable LightningProtocol._transferToExcluded(address,address,uint256).rTransferAmount (#732) is too similar to LightningProtocol._getValues(uint256).tTransferAmount (#784)
Variable LightningProtocol._getValues(uint256).rTransferAmount (#786) is too similar to LightningProtocol._transferToExcluded(address,address,uint256).tTransferAmount (#732)
Variable LightningProtocol.reflectionFromToken(uint256,bool).rTransferAmount (#609) is too similar to LightningProtocol._getTValues(uint256,uint256,uint256).tTransferAmount (#793)
Variable LightningProtocol._transferToExcluded(address,address,uint256).rTransferAmount (#732) is too similar to LightningProtocol._getTValues(uint256,uint256,uint256).tTransferAmount (#793)
Variable LightningProtocol._transferStandard(address,address,uint256).rTransferAmount (#722) is too similar to LightningProtocol._transferBothExcluded(address,address,uint256).tTransferAmount (#754)
Variable LightningProtocol.reflectionFromToken(uint256,bool).rTransferAmount (#609) is too similar to LightningProtocol._transferStandard(address,address,uint256).tTransferAmount (#722)
Variable LightningProtocol._transferStandard(address,address,uint256).rTransferAmount (#722) is too similar to LightningProtocol._getValues(uint256).tTransferAmount (#784)
Variable LightningProtocol.reflectionFromToken(uint256,bool).rTransferAmount (#609) is too similar to LightningProtocol._transferFromExcluded(address,address,uint256).tTransferAmount (#743)
Variable LightningProtocol._transferToExcluded(address,address,uint256).rTransferAmount (#732) is too similar to LightningProtocol._transferStandard(address,address,uint256).tTransferAmount (#722)
Variable LightningProtocol._getRValues(uint256,uint256,uint256,uint256).rTransferAmount (#801) is too similar to LightningProtocol._transferFromExcluded(address,address,uint256).tTransferAmount (#743)
Variable LightningProtocol._transferFromExcluded(address,address,uint256).rTransferAmount (#743) is too similar to LightningProtocol._transferBothExcluded(address,address,uint256).tTransferAmount (#754)
Variable LightningProtocol.reflectionFromToken(uint256,bool).rTransferAmount (#609) is too similar to LightningProtocol._transferToExcluded(address,address,uint256).tTransferAmount (#732)
Variable LightningProtocol._transferToExcluded(address,address,uint256).rTransferAmount (#732) is too similar to LightningProtocol._transferFromExcluded(address,address,uint256).tTransferAmount (#743)
Variable LightningProtocol._transferFromExcluded(address,address,uint256).rTransferAmount (#743) is too similar to LightningProtocol._getValues(uint256).tTransferAmount (#784)
Variable LightningProtocol._getValues(uint256).rTransferAmount (#786) is too similar to LightningProtocol._transferBothExcluded(address,address,uint256).tTransferAmount (#754)
Variable LightningProtocol._transferStandard(address,address,uint256).rTransferAmount (#722) is too similar to LightningProtocol._getTValues(uint256,uint256,uint256).tTransferAmount (#793)
Variable LightningProtocol._getValues(uint256).rTransferAmount (#786) is too similar to LightningProtocol._getValues(uint256).tTransferAmount (#784)
Variable LightningProtocol._transferBothExcluded(address,address,uint256).rTransferAmount (#754) is too similar to LightningProtocol._transferBothExcluded(address,address,uint256).tTransferAmount (#754)
Variable LightningProtocol._transferToExcluded(address,address,uint256).rTransferAmount (#732) is too similar to LightningProtocol._transferToExcluded(address,address,uint256).tTransferAmount (#732)
Variable LightningProtocol._transferBothExcluded(address,address,uint256).rTransferAmount (#754) is too similar to LightningProtocol._getValues(uint256).tTransferAmount (#784)
Variable LightningProtocol._transferStandard(address,address,uint256).rTransferAmount (#722) is too similar to LightningProtocol._transferStandard(address,address,uint256).tTransferAmount (#722)
Variable LightningProtocol._getValues(uint256).rTransferAmount (#786) is too similar to LightningProtocol._getTValues(uint256,uint256,uint256).tTransferAmount (#793)
Variable LightningProtocol._transferStandard(address,address,uint256).rTransferAmount (#722) is too similar to LightningProtocol._transferFromExcluded(address,address,uint256).tTransferAmount (#743)
Variable LightningProtocol._transferStandard(address,address,uint256).rTransferAmount (#722) is too similar to LightningProtocol._transferToExcluded(address,address,uint256).tTransferAmount (#732)
Variable LightningProtocol._transferFromExcluded(address,address,uint256).rTransferAmount (#743) is too similar to LightningProtocol._transferFromExcluded(address,address,uint256).tTransferAmount (#743)
Variable LightningProtocol._transferFromExcluded(address,address,uint256).rTransferAmount (#743) is too similar to LightningProtocol._transferStandard(address,address,uint256).tTransferAmount (#722)
Variable LightningProtocol._transferFromExcluded(address,address,uint256).rTransferAmount (#743) is too similar to LightningProtocol._getTValues(uint256,uint256,uint256).tTransferAmount (#793)
Variable LightningProtocol._getRValues(uint256,uint256,uint256,uint256).rTransferAmount (#801) is too similar to LightningProtocol._transferToExcluded(address,address,uint256).tTransferAmount (#732)
Variable LightningProtocol._transferBothExcluded(address,address,uint256).rTransferAmount (#754) is too similar to LightningProtocol._transferToExcluded(address,address,uint256).tTransferAmount (#732)
Variable LightningProtocol._getRValues(uint256,uint256,uint256,uint256).rTransferAmount (#801) is too similar to LightningProtocol._getTValues(uint256,uint256,uint256).tTransferAmount (#793)
Variable LightningProtocol._getRValues(uint256,uint256,uint256,uint256).rTransferAmount (#801) is too similar to LightningProtocol._transferStandard(address,address,uint256).tTransferAmount (#722)
Variable LightningProtocol._transferBothExcluded(address,address,uint256).rTransferAmount (#754) is too similar to LightningProtocol._transferStandard(address,address,uint256).tTransferAmount (#722)
Variable LightningProtocol._transferBothExcluded(address,address,uint256).rTransferAmount (#754) is too similar to LightningProtocol._getTValues(uint256,uint256,uint256).tTransferAmount (#793)
Variable LightningProtocol._transferBothExcluded(address,address,uint256).rTransferAmount (#754) is too similar to LightningProtocol._transferFromExcluded(address,address,uint256).tTransferAmount (#743)
Variable LightningProtocol._transferFromExcluded(address,address,uint256).rTransferAmount (#743) is too similar to LightningProtocol._transferToExcluded(address,address,uint256).tTransferAmount (#732)
Prevent variables from having similar names.

Additional information: link

LightningProtocol.includeAccount(address) (#630-641) has costly operations inside a loop:
- _excluded.pop() (#637)
Use a local variable to hold the loop computation result.

Additional information: link

LightningProtocol.allowance(address,address).owner (#557) shadows:
- Ownable.owner() (#433-435) (function)
LightningProtocol._approve(address,address,uint256).owner (#643) shadows:
- Ownable.owner() (#433-435) (function)
Rename the local variables that shadow another component.

Additional information: link

LightningProtocol.transferredTokens (#507) is never used in LightningProtocol (#468-869)
LightningProtocol.tokenBatchCount (#508) is never used in LightningProtocol (#468-869)
LightningProtocol.MAX_SUPPLY (#517) is never used in LightningProtocol (#468-869)
LightningProtocol._gonsPerFragment (#519) is never used in LightningProtocol (#468-869)
LightningProtocol._gonBalances (#520) is never used in LightningProtocol (#468-869)
Remove unused state variables.

Additional information: link

LightningProtocol._TAX_FEE (#510) should be constant
LightningProtocol._gonsPerFragment (#519) should be constant
LightningProtocol.tokenBatchCount (#508) should be constant
LightningProtocol.transferredTokens (#507) should be constant
Add the constant attributes to state variables that never change.

Additional information: link

renounceOwnership() should be declared external:
- Ownable.renounceOwnership() (#452-455)
transferOwnership(address) should be declared external:
- Ownable.transferOwnership(address) (#461-465)
name() should be declared external:
- LightningProtocol.name() (#531-533)
symbol() should be declared external:
- LightningProtocol.symbol() (#535-537)
decimals() should be declared external:
- LightningProtocol.decimals() (#539-541)
totalSupply() should be declared external:
- LightningProtocol.totalSupply() (#543-545)
balanceOf(address) should be declared external:
- LightningProtocol.balanceOf(address) (#547-550)
transfer(address,uint256) should be declared external:
- LightningProtocol.transfer(address,uint256) (#552-555)
allowance(address,address) should be declared external:
- LightningProtocol.allowance(address,address) (#557-559)
approve(address,uint256) should be declared external:
- LightningProtocol.approve(address,uint256) (#561-564)
transferFrom(address,address,uint256) should be declared external:
- LightningProtocol.transferFrom(address,address,uint256) (#566-570)
increaseAllowance(address,uint256) should be declared external:
- LightningProtocol.increaseAllowance(address,uint256) (#572-575)
decreaseAllowance(address,uint256) should be declared external:
- LightningProtocol.decreaseAllowance(address,uint256) (#577-580)
isExcluded(address) should be declared external:
- LightningProtocol.isExcluded(address) (#582-584)
totalFees() should be declared external:
- LightningProtocol.totalFees() (#586-588)
totalBurn() should be declared external:
- LightningProtocol.totalBurn() (#590-592)
deliver(uint256) should be declared external:
- LightningProtocol.deliver(uint256) (#594-601)
reflectionFromToken(uint256,bool) should be declared external:
- LightningProtocol.reflectionFromToken(uint256,bool) (#603-612)
_getBurnFee() should be declared external:
- LightningProtocol._getBurnFee() (#833-835)
_getCycle() should be declared external:
- LightningProtocol._getCycle() (#841-843)
_getBurnCycle() should be declared external:
- LightningProtocol._getBurnCycle() (#845-847)
_getTradedCycle() should be declared external:
- LightningProtocol._getTradedCycle() (#849-851)
Use the external attribute for functions never called from the contract.

Additional information: link

Holders:


Average 30d PancakeSwap liquidity is less than $100. Token is either dead or inactive.


Average 30d PancakeSwap volume is less than $100. Token is either dead or inactive.


Average 30d number of PancakeSwap swaps is less than 1. Token is either dead or inactive.


Average PancakeSwap trading volume, liqudity, number of swaps are extremely low. Token seems to be dead.


Token is deployed only at one blockchain

Contract has 6% buy tax and 2% sell tax.
Taxes are low and contract ownership is renounced.


Last post in Twitter was more than 30 days ago


Unable to find Youtube account


Unable to find Discord account


BscScan page for the token does not contain additional info: website, socials, description, etc.

Additional information: link


Unable to find token on CoinGecko

Additional information: link


Unable to find token on CoinMarketCap

Additional information: link


Unable to find token contract audit


Unable to verify that token and website are owned by the same team (no listings + unable to find contract on website)


Unable to verify token contract address on the website


Unable to find audit link on the website


Unable to find whitepaper link on the website


Unable to find Telegram link on the website


Unable to find token on CoinHunt

Additional information: link


Unable to find code repository for the project


Token has no active CoinGecko listing / rank


Token has no active CoinMarketCap listing / rank


Token has a considerable age, but average PancakeSwap 30d trading volume is low

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