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CERT [CertRise] Token

About CERT

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Token 7 months
CoinMarketCap 7 months
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CertRise is formally known as Dogs United Token is in the process of its full rebrand after further discussions between both internal teams and community. By combining our passions in art, utility and safety we are launching safe projects for our partners in the BSC space, with security and joined utility. CertRise will also bring fun to the Defi space through NFT Lottery on a weekly or monthly basis. Depending on the scale of the prize.

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Laser Scorebeta Last Audit: 30 November 2021

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Token is either risky or in presale. For presale 30+ is a fine score.

CertRise.addLiquidity(uint256,uint256) (#1717-1729) sends eth to arbitrary user
Dangerous calls:
- uniswapV2Router.addLiquidityETH{value: ethAmount}(address(this),tokenAmount,0,0,owner(),block.timestamp) (#1720-1727)
Ensure that an arbitrary user cannot withdraw unauthorized funds.

Additional information: link

Reentrancy in DividendPayingToken._withdrawDividendOfUser(address) (#721-737):
External calls:
- (success) = user.call{gas: 3000,value: _withdrawableDividend}() (#726)
State variables written after the call(s):
- withdrawnDividends[user] = withdrawnDividends[user].sub(_withdrawableDividend) (#729)
Apply the check-effects-interactions pattern.

Additional information: link


Unable to verify that contract auditor is trusted: Certik, Quantstamp, Hacken, Solidity, Paladinsec, Openzeppelin, Verichains

CertRise.changeCooldownSettings(bool,uint8) (#1594-1598) contains a tautology or contradiction:
- require(bool,string)(newInterval <= 600,Exceeds the limit) (#1595)
Fix the incorrect comparison by changing the value type or the comparison.

Additional information: link


Combination 1: Reentrancy vulnerabilities + Functions that send Ether to arbitraty destination. Usual for scams. May be justified by some complex mechanics (e.g. rebase, reflections). DYOR & manual audit are advised.

CertRise._transfer(address,address,uint256).claims (#1674) is a local variable never initialized
Initialize all the variables. If a variable is meant to be initialized to zero, explicitly set it to zero to improve code readability.

Additional information: link

CertRise.addLiquidity(uint256,uint256) (#1717-1729) ignores return value by uniswapV2Router.addLiquidityETH{value: ethAmount}(address(this),tokenAmount,0,0,owner(),block.timestamp) (#1720-1727)
Ensure that all the return values of the function calls are used.

Additional information: link

DividendPayingToken.constructor(string,string)._symbol (#678) shadows:
- ERC20._symbol (#329) (state variable)
Rename the local variables that shadow another component.

Additional information: link

CertRise.changeCooldownSettings(bool,uint8) (#1594-1598) should emit an event for:
- cooldownTimerInterval = newInterval (#1597)
Emit an event for critical parameter changes.

Additional information: link

CertRise.setMarketingWallet(address).wallet (#1486) lacks a zero-check on :
- _marketingWallet = wallet (#1487)
Check that the address is not zero.

Additional information: link

Variable 'CertRise._transfer(address,address,uint256).lastProcessedIndex (#1674)' in CertRise._transfer(address,address,uint256) (#1604-1679) potentially used before declaration: ProcessedDividendTracker(iterations,claims,lastProcessedIndex,true,gas,tx.origin) (#1675)
Move all variable declarations prior to any usage of the variable, and ensure that reaching a variable declaration does not depend on some conditional if it is used unconditionally.

Additional information: link

Reentrancy in CERTDividendTracker.processAccount(address,bool) (#1147-1157):
External calls:
- amount = _withdrawDividendOfUser(account) (#1148)
- (success) = user.call{gas: 3000,value: _withdrawableDividend}() (#726)
State variables written after the call(s):
- lastClaimTimes[account] = block.timestamp (#1151)
Apply the check-effects-interactions pattern.

Additional information: link

Reentrancy in CertRise.swapBack(uint256) (#1681-1715):
External calls:
- uniswapV2Router.swapExactTokensForETHSupportingFeeOnTransferTokens(amountToSwap,0,path,address(this),block.timestamp) (#1691-1697)
- addLiquidity(tokensToLP,bnbForLiquidity) (#1706)
- uniswapV2Router.addLiquidityETH{value: ethAmount}(address(this),tokenAmount,0,0,owner(),block.timestamp) (#1720-1727)
- (success) = address(dividendTracker).call{value: bnbForReflection}() (#1710)
External calls sending eth:
- addLiquidity(tokensToLP,bnbForLiquidity) (#1706)
- uniswapV2Router.addLiquidityETH{value: ethAmount}(address(this),tokenAmount,0,0,owner(),block.timestamp) (#1720-1727)
- address(_marketingWallet).transfer(bnbForMarketing) (#1708)
- (success) = address(dividendTracker).call{value: bnbForReflection}() (#1710)
Event emitted after the call(s):
- SendDividends(tokensToLiquify.mul(SellRewardsFee).div(SellTotalFees),bnbForReflection) (#1713)
Apply the check-effects-interactions pattern.

Additional information: link

CertRise._transfer(address,address,uint256) (#1604-1679) uses timestamp for comparisons
Dangerous comparisons:
- require(bool,string)(cooldownTimer[from] < block.timestamp,Please wait for cooldown between buys) (#1623)
Avoid relying on block.timestamp.

Additional information: link

SafeMathInt.mul(int256,int256) (#155-162) is never used and should be removed
Remove unused functions.

Additional information: link

solc-0.8.7 is not recommended for deployment
Deploy with any of the following Solidity versions: 0.5.16 - 0.5.17, 0.6.11 - 0.6.12, 0.7.5 - 0.7.6 Use a simple pragma version that allows any of these versions. Consider using the latest version of Solidity for testing.

Additional information: link

Low level call in CertRise.swapBack(uint256) (#1681-1715):
- (success) = address(dividendTracker).call{value: bnbForReflection}() (#1710)
Avoid low-level calls. Check the call success. If the call is meant for a contract, check for code existence

Additional information: link

Variable CertRise._isExcludedFromFees (#1390) is not in mixedCase
Follow the Solidity naming convention.

Additional information: link

Redundant expression "this (#222)" inContext (#216-225)
Remove redundant statements if they congest code but offer no value.

Additional information: link

Reentrancy in CertRise.swapBack(uint256) (#1681-1715):
External calls:
- address(_marketingWallet).transfer(bnbForMarketing) (#1708)
External calls sending eth:
- addLiquidity(tokensToLP,bnbForLiquidity) (#1706)
- uniswapV2Router.addLiquidityETH{value: ethAmount}(address(this),tokenAmount,0,0,owner(),block.timestamp) (#1720-1727)
- address(_marketingWallet).transfer(bnbForMarketing) (#1708)
- (success) = address(dividendTracker).call{value: bnbForReflection}() (#1710)
Event emitted after the call(s):
- SendDividends(tokensToLiquify.mul(SellRewardsFee).div(SellTotalFees),bnbForReflection) (#1713)
Apply the check-effects-interactions pattern.

Additional information: link

Variable IUniswapV2Router01.addLiquidity(address,address,uint256,uint256,uint256,uint256,address,uint256).amountADesired (#1234) is too similar to IUniswapV2Router01.addLiquidity(address,address,uint256,uint256,uint256,uint256,address,uint256).amountBDesired (#1235)
Prevent variables from having similar names.

Additional information: link

CertRise.slitherConstructorVariables() (#1362-1750) uses literals with too many digits:
- gasForProcessing = 300000 (#1388)
Use: Ether suffix, Time suffix, or The scientific notation

Additional information: link

CertRise._presalerCollected (#1393) is never used in CertRise (#1362-1750)
Remove unused state variables.

Additional information: link

dividendTokenBalanceOf(address) should be declared external:
- CertRise.dividendTokenBalanceOf(address) (#1526-1528)
Use the external attribute for functions never called from the contract.

Additional information: link

Holders:


Average PancakeSwap trading volume, liqudity, number of swaps are extremely low. Token seems to be dead.


Token is deployed only at one blockchain


Token has only one trading pair


Unable to find PancakeSwap trading pair to compute liquidity.


Unable to find PancakeSwap trading pair to compute volume.


Unable to find PancakeSwap trading pair to compute number of swaps.


Twitter account link seems to be invalid


Unable to find Blog account (Reddit or Medium)


Unable to find Youtube account


Unable to find Discord account


BscScan page for the token does not contain additional info: website, socials, description, etc.

Additional information: link


Token was delisted (assigned to inactive / untracked listing) from CoinMarketCap

Additional information: link


Unable to find token on CoinHunt

Additional information: link


Unable to find code repository for the project


Young tokens have high risks of price dump / death


Young tokens have high risks of scam / price dump / death


Young tokens have high risks of scam / price dump / death


Token has no active CoinMarketCap listing / rank


Token has relatively low CoinGecko rank

Price for CERT